Select committee calls on government to ‘revisit’ its zoning idea in reforms

An influential group of MPs has slammed the government’s proposed reforms of the planning system, calling on ministers to think again about the proposed new “zonal” approach and ensure the public has a right to influence all individual applications.

The report by the Housing, Communities and Local Government Committee also called on the government to allow councils to levy council tax on unbuilt developments – something ministers have already said they are considering.


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Ministers have been told to rethink the zonal system

The MPs added the government’s ambition to have new style local plans put in place within 30 months was “impractical” and said it needed more information as to how housing targets under the new housing need formula will be delivered in practice.

The government’s controversial proposals to reform the planning system were set out in the Planning for the Future white paper last August, which proposed forcing local authorities to zone their areas in to one of three designations: growth, renewal, or protection.

Under the plans, areas zoned for growth would benefit from automatic permission in principle, while councils would also be made to deliver stripped back local plans in just 30 months. The proposals also suggested abolishing the section 106 system of developer contributions, in favour of a flat-rate levy.

Select committee chair Clive Betts said that the ministry should “revisit” its plan to split the country in to one of three zones, adding that while the government’s aim to produce a system which enables rapid build out with greater input from local communities was welcome, “it is far from clear how the current proposals will achieve this”.

Calling for the government to ensure that the public can comment upon and affect all individual planning applications, Betts said: “Public engagement is critical in planning – and our report stresses the need for the government to really get to grips with how it can best involve local people in the planning process. This is essential if any changes to the planning system are to be a success.”

Local government critics of the reforms have said that plans to confer outline planning permission to development in designated “growth” zones via local plans will leave the public unable to influence individual applications when they come forward.

MPs also said that the government’s plans were so vague at present, that it should bring them forward in the guise of a draft bill in order to allow further scrutiny prior to full legislation being presented.

Crispin Truman, chief executive of the CPRE, said: “It is no surprise the committee of MPs is ‘unpersuaded’ by the government’s reckless and untested changes to the planning system. MPs, the public and civil society have been urging ministers to radically rethink the proposals set out in the Planning White Paper.

“What we need is clear targets in planning for tackling the climate and nature emergencies and enhancing and protecting our countryside, rather than a narrow obsession with building more and more housing, regardless of whether that housing meets local needs.”

David Renard, the Local Government Association’s planning spokesperson, welcomed the committee’s call for councils to be given powers to tax unbuilt permissions, and said the system needed to remain “democratically-led”.

He said: “A local, democratically-led planning system remains critical so local communities can continue to have their say on developments, ensure the right homes are built in the right places and shape the area they live in.”

The committee also called for proper resourcing of the planning system prior to bringing forward wide-ranging reforms, a stance welcomed by local authority planners. Royal Town Planning Institute chief executive Victoria Hills said the report backed its call for an extra £500m for council planners over the next four years.

She said: “As we have emphasised to Government, resourcing for planning is inadequate and reforms will place further demands on them unless this issue is addressed. The Committee is entirely correct to state that a major programme of reform is now contingent on government first ensuring the resources are in place.”

Last month the government used its Queen’s Speech to confirm it is pressing ahead with plans to bring forward a Planning Bill later this year to enact the reforms in the Planning for the Future white paper.