City region to be governed by a metro mayor with powers over transport, housing, planning and policing
Greater Manchester has agreed a landmark deal with the government that will see the city region governed by a London-style mayor with powers over transport, housing, planning and policing.
Chancellor George Osborne announced the deal today, which includes proposals to devolve further powers to the Greater Manchester Combined Authority (GMCA), including over support for business growth, skills and help to join up health and social care budgets.
Osborne said the deal, which ends years of opposition from the ten councils across Greater Manchester to the metro-mayor model, would create a powerful devolved administration with strong political leadership that can drive through policy to stimulate economic growth and plan strategically across the city, as well as nationally and internationally.
The government will now prepare legislation to enable the change, with the mayoral election likely to take place in 2017.
Although there are other city mayors across the country, such as Liverpool, this will be the first time a city region, comprising multiple local authorities, has taken on the metro mayor model outside the capital.
Osborne said he hoped Manchester would be the first of many big cities to take advantage of greater devolution of powers.
He said: “This is a massive moment for the north of England and our plan to build the Northern Powerhouse.
“After several months of private discussions with local representatives from all three parties, I have reached agreement with the civic leaders of Greater Manchester to create the first metro-wide elected mayor outside of London.
“This will give Mancunians a powerful voice and bring practical improvements for local people, with better transport links, an Oyster-style travelcard, and more investment in skills and the city’s economy.
“I want to talk to other cities who are keen to follow Manchester’s lead - every city is different, and no model of local power will be the same.
“Giving cities power is part of our long term economic plan to reduce the decades-old gap between north and south, London and the rest.”
Lord Peter Smith, chair of GMCA and leader of Wigan council, said: “Make no mistake, this devolution settlement is a momentous moment for Greater Manchester.
“It gives us greater control over own destiny in several key areas and the ability to base decisions on local priorities and needs rather than on ‘one size fits all’ dictates from Westminster.
“This isn’t about taking powers from individual Greater Manchester authorities. “It’s about powers coming down from central government to a more localised level.”
Sir Richard Leese, vice chair of GMCA and leader of Manchetser City Council, said: “Greater Manchester has been in the vanguard of the national devolution debate. It was clear that an over-centralised national system was not delivering the best results for our people or our economy.
“We are extremely pleased that we can now demonstrate what a city region with greater freedoms can achieve and contribute further to the growth of the UK.
“Our ultimate ambition is for full devolution of all public spending in Greater Manchester, currently around £22bn a year, so that we either influence or control the whole amount.
“We recognise that this cannot happen overnight and there needs to be a staged approach based on evidence that devolution delivers increased economic growth and better public services. But today’s settlement is a huge move forwards and a road map for the future.”
What powers will the Greater Manchester mayor get?
The Treasury said the directly elected Mayor of Greater Manchester would receive the following powers:
- Control of a £300m Housing Investment Fund
- Powers over strategic planning, including the power to create a statutory spatial framework for Greater Manchester. This will need to be approved by a unanimous vote of the Mayor’s Cabinet
- Responsibility for a devolved and consolidated transport budget, with a multi-year settlement to be agreed at the next Spending Review, and responsibility for franchised bus services for integrated smart ticketing across all local modes of transport
- Control of a reformed earn back deal, within the current envelope of £30m a year for 30 years - this gives Greater Manchester the certainty they need to extend the Metrolink to Trafford Park
- Take on the role currently covered by the Police and Crime Commissioner
The Greater Manchester Combined Authority will receive the following powers:
- Responsibility for securing integrated business support services, including through the Growth Accelerator, Manufacturing Advice Service and UK Trade and Investment (UKTI) Export Advice
- Control of the Apprenticeship Grant for Employers in Greater Manchester and power to re-shape and re-structure the Further Education (FE) provision within Greater Manchester
- Control of an expanded Working Well pilot, with central government funding linked to good performance up to a fixed DEL limit in return for risk sharing
- Opportunity to be a joint commissioner with Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) for the next phase of the Work Programme
- The GMCA and Greater Manchester Clinical Commissioning Groups will be invited to develop a business plan for the integration of health and social care across Greater Manchester, based on control of existing health and social care budgets