This was an appeal by the claimant from the first instance decision dismissing a claim for damages arising from an accident. A child, K, was playing in a communal garden controlled by Portsmouth City Council. She tripped on stone in a gravel path leading to the garden and sustained an injury resulting in the loss of sight to her left eye. A claim was brought under Section 2 of the Occupiers Liability Act 1957. The claimant's case was that the path was unsafe and should have been properly compacted or produced in a different material. The surface was made of "hoggin" which is basically a mixture of flint and clay. Hoggin is often used in areas where people might walk. The council's contracts manager considered that hoggin was unsuitable for play areas and unsafe for use in areas where children might play. Nonetheless the first instance the judge considered that the council was not negligent nor in breach of any statutory duty.
The claimant appealed on the basis that the whole area was unsuitable because was foreseeable that children would play in the area and could be injured.