Sarah Richardson collects the industry’s messages to the new occupant of Number 10 and we reveal the final choices of our panel of floating voters
Over the past three weeks, David Cameron, Gordon Brown and Nick Clegg wrote open letters to Building’s readers setting out, with varying degrees of clarity, their position on the issues that matter to construction. As the magazine went to press this week, the country was on the eve of finding out which election campaigns had been successful, and the leaders of the industry have written to whichever of them is now running the country (assuming any is).
Whoever is about to become prime minister is going to be confronted by one of the toughest problems ever facing a peace-time leader: how to reduce a national debt that will stand at £1.4 trillion in 2014/15, while ensuring that an economy that has only just returned to feeble growth does not tip back into recession.
Spending cuts and tax rises are inevitable, but the balance between them has yet to be defined. And that balance will prove crucial to a construction sector that gets about £38bn of work a year from the public sector, and contains hundreds of companies whose future is far from assured. So, now it’s the industry’s turn to have its say on what our new government should do first. Are you listening, prime minister?
… the post has arrived …
A change of government inevitably brings with it uncertainty and delay. We have just gone through the toughest purdah period ever, where contracts have remained unsigned even when projects have been approved. And hanging over everyone’s head is the prospect of draconian cuts in public spending and further delay and confusion while detailed spending plans are hammered out.
My first wish is that the new government will accept the economic arguments for continued public investment (as articulated by the CBI, the UK Contractors Group and Building magazine) and that it will quickly produce a clear line of investment to enable the industry to deliver efficiently and effectively.
We also want the government to throw its weight behind the important work that Paul Morrell, the chief construction adviser, is getting under way to reduce carbon and make public procurement more efficient. These are important tasks in the post-credit-crunch world, where resources are limited and cannot be squandered.
Finally, we want the government to recognise the importance of the construction industry. Its wellbeing is vital if the UK economy is to flourish.
Stephen Ratcliffe, chief executive, UKCG
The first priority will be to form a government quickly; the next must be to reduce the amount our nation has to borrow while not cutting back on vital investment in the infrastructure of our future. Investing in the built environment provides a near threefold return to the economy and holds the key to sustainable economic recovery and social regeneration. Set against this, the state wastes a fortune on unproductive costs and so a fast review of the value-for-money in our bureaucracy would set us on the right track. Setting up the chief construction adviser role is one of the best moves ever made by Labour and needs the enthusiastic support of the next government.
Graham Watts, chief executive, CIC
I am sure that the first thing at the top of your in-tray is sorting out the public sector deficit. A household that is overspending and needs to urgently repay its debt has to cut expenditure and increase income. In the case of UK plc, the situation is no different, but unfortunately during the campaign all the focus has seemed to be on cutting debt with little attention given to how we increase our income.
One of the best ways to stimulate economic activity is to invest in the built environment. Not only does this create jobs and additional economic activity at the rate of nearly 3 to 1, it also helps business be more competitive (better transport infrastructure and secure energy supply), it helps reduce the drain on the health service (poor housing leads to poor health), and addresses the “most significant threat to mankind”: climate change.
No government will ever achieve its objectives without a clear investment strategy. The key is to focus this investment on where it will give the most benefit and provide the best return. That is the approach that I hope you as a responsible government will adopt to secure the long term and sustainable economic success of this country.
Michael Ankers, chief executive, Construction Products Association
We need clarity on spending plans. We know capital spending will be cut to reduce the budget deficit, but so far all the parties have been vague as to what that will look like. So, the first priority should be to detail the proposed cuts, the departments affected and work out a timetable.
The construction industry is a big contributor to the UK economy, in terms of number of firms and people it employs, so the new government should be mindful that spending cuts that are too severe could put at risk our overall recovery.
Another priority is to follow-through on low carbon aspirations. This industry can help achieve the 80% cut in carbon by 2050, but we need funding models to provide the catalyst, and the new government should make introducing the proposed green investment bank a priority to stimulate investment in low-carbon infrastructure and retrofitting.
John Frankiewicz, chief executive, Willmott Dixon Capital Works
Britain has a serious, persistent and growing undersupply of housing. However, the home building industry can only deliver the homes we need within the economic and policy framework set by the government.
An essential precondition of a sustainable recovery is an adequate supply of mortgage finance. Private and affordable housing supply are now inextricably linked and both are being strangled by the lack of mortgage availability. Government must take steps to get banks lending again to people who can afford to buy.
The new government must also find a way of providing an adequate supply of viable permissioned land in locations that people want to live. The current planning system is failing to do that and without sufficient land, we can’t build homes.
Third, it must tackle the issue of viability. Unless the policy demands of central and local government and public agencies in relation to affordable housing, zero-carbon homes, or infrastructure contributions are reduced to realistic and affordable levels, too many sites will remain non-viable and the housing crisis will deepen.
Stewart Baseley, executive chairman of the Home Builders Federation
Take the time to understand the implications of your immediate actions. The new government must consider the clear evidence of the positive economic and social benefits that investment in areas such as schools, affordable housing and vital infrastructure brings to the nation. It must also understand the consequences of cutting capital expenditure on employment, skills, and the broader social impact in communities up and down the country. Addressing the issue of the UK’s finances and working in a “more for less” environment is a given, but there are choices about how that is achieved. Government and the private sector must work together to create a stable long-term framework for construction to invest its skills to drive growth back into the UK. In particular, I would urge the government to focus on education as the lifeblood for the long-term success of the nation.
Paul Drechsler, Chairman and Chief Executive of Wates Group
Congratulations on putting yourself forward for public service at a time when you will be required to deliver difficult change.
Your room for manoeuvre with a fiscal deficit of £163bn will be limited, but your focus will no doubt be on stability as it will help underpin sound market sentiment. This will come if the best environment is maintained for enterprise as it will nurture the recovery.
It will, in turn, require continued investment in transport, energy and technology if employers are to see the UK as a country that will continue on the road to recovery. The economic leverage that comes from construction spending is often ignored, but on this occasion there is justification for finding a way of maintaining investment so that we don’t neglect the challenges we face in infrastructure renewal and decarbonisation.
The cost of renewing and greening power and transport infrastructure between now and 2020 is likely to total at least £450bn, and we will also have to invest in decarbonising the existing building stock. There are great opportunities to develop new industries around this investment, which will be needed to rebalance our economy.
A lot of emphasis during the election has been placed on raising standards in the public sector. Your focus should therefore be on an agenda that leads to communities that reduce social tension, schools that educate, hospitals that heal, prisons that lead to reformed behaviours.
Simply cutting budgets at this time will at best leave our economy bumping along, much like Japan. At worst it could tip us towards the position Greece finds itself in.
The timing of your decisions over the next 100 days will be critical; the key for me is that you maintain confidence in all corners of the country, the City and beyond. This could be your moment as your country most definitely needs you to stand firm and provide the stability we need.
Rob Smith, senior partner, Davis Langdon
Our floating voters declare their intentions
Never the mind the gaffes and the grim visage: it’s an improbable landslide for Gordon Brown’s Labour party. Despite that, it’s also a time for change: a change in the voting system, that is …
Jack Pringle of Pringle Brandon. Since a hung parliament does not appear on the ballot paper, Labour gets his vote.
It’s been a fascinating election but it has shown that our electoral machinery is threadbare. We used to have a party system but now we have a presidential one. We also have some very small and very large constituencies and the unfairness is becoming obvious. I understand that if all the parties got equal votes Labour would have about double the seats of the Tories and four times that of the Lib Dems. The Lib Dems could take this to judicial review.
The TV debates were what turned this election into a presidential campaign and poor old Gordon Brown just imploded as he’s not equipped to deal with them. I will vote Labour because of his economic policies, though.
Neil Dower of Conamar. After a couple of week’s uncertainty, last week he finally began to tilt towards the Tories. This week he can reveal he will be voting for them, too.
Last week’s debate was the best of the three. I really enjoyed it. I thought that Brown was a bit repetitive, but it was good to see a bit of a real debate going on. They all seemed to get more heated than in the previous contests. I thought that Clegg was still trying to do a lot of point scoring off the other two and they attacked him a bit more on that. Cameron came across the best, in my opinion. He seemed unfazed and delivered all of his points well and I think he was clearer on policy that the others.
The main thing that I was looking out for from each was what they were saying about long-term plans, not short-term strategy, because that is not what is going to get us out of the financial mess we’re in. I really hope we don’t have a hung parliament; I think that would be chaos. I predict the Conservatives will win followed by Labour and then the Lib Dems. I have fallen into the Conservative camp – the party is the clearest on policy and its routes to help SMEs, and I don’t think there will be as much of a cull of construction firms.
Chris Fennell of Curtins Consulting. This week he is torn between Labour and the Lib Dems. As we went to press he was edging towards Labour.
I am still torn. I think Labour would be best for the construction industry but I must admit, the Lib Dems have really charmed me throughout the campaign.
I like the idea of them just having cropped up from nowhere and I think the possibility of a hung parliament has properly kicked off the whole debate about the need for voting reform. I didn’t see the debate last week. I’m very interested in politics, but not to the extent that it interferes with football, so I’m afraid I spent that evening watching Liverpool go out of the Europa cup. But I have recorded the debate and will certainly watch it.
So, Labour would be my first choice as I think this is the party that will be most committed to keeping investment going in capital projects such as Building Schools for the Future, the academies, hospitals. I think there will be less of a negative impact on the economy. The Conservatives will cut. Massively. They may take their time doing it, but they will, which will obviously be a disaster for construction.
I think the result could be a hung parliament, which could be a good thing. It will make everyone sit up and take notice of the fact that the current electoral system doesn’t work. In an ideal world, Tesco would run all the public sector services, though! Think about how well things would be run if headed by a company that knows how to deal with the public and keep them happy and grow a profitable business at the same time.
Simon Flatt of Flatt Consulting. After a brief tack towards the Lib Dems he began veering to port and has finally decided to vote Labour.
I’m now confirmed in my view that Clegg is all hollow words. His idea of bringing all three parties to the debating table showed weak leadership. The policies he has revealed are all bad for business, too. Knocking the Eurofighter on the head, restricting cash bonuses for bankers and adding VAT to new homes would hinder the economic recovery.
Cameron makes me uneasy. He says he would get lending going, reduce corporation tax and not change National Insurance. But he has to get money from somewhere and he’s not saying where; I don’t trust him.
Brown has got strong arguments on how to stop a double dip recession and the clincher for me is that he’ll create 400,000 jobs in the low carbon economy – that’s what this industry is about. So I’m voting Labour.
Paul Swinburn, director of Provelio, Bristol. He began by supporting Labour, but last week he was thinking more seriously about the Lib Dems. This week he reveals he has switched back to Brown – but will vote tactically.
I watched the final debate last week but was more interested by the background – all those flashing lights looked really good. That shows how into it I was, doesn’t it? I found it all a bit repetitive – especially compared with the first debate. I have something to say about all three parties now. If I could choose a winner it would be the one associated with the biggest gaffe of the week and the one that did the worst in all three debates: Labour that is. I feel Brown has offered the more considered responses to issues than the others. In terms of who I am going to vote for, I’ll have to go Lib Dem as I live in a Tory/Lib Dem marginal and I don’t want a Conservative government. Having said that, I think the Tories may win. That is if we don’t have a hung parliament, which I would say is a real possibility. Those are my thoughts and predictions, but I really hope Gordon sneaks a victory.
Additional reporting by Roxane McMeeken and Emily Wright