Designers are changing, the budget is tight and the decision-making process is best described as "fluid". But there's no moving this deadline. So, will the 14 Millennium Dome zones come together on time?
How is work progressing on the interior of the dome? That rather depends on whom you ask.

There are plenty of contractors and consultants ready to claim that the project is on schedule, that the £198m budget is holding and that the result will be a millennium experience to remember. Then there is a smaller group of dissenters who claim that the timetable is continually rewritten, there is little concept of a budget to stick to, and the end result could be an incoherent mishmash.

What is certain is that only nine months before the project is due to be completed, there is still doubt about the form and content of several of the 14 zones. A year after Tony Blair triumphantly launched the first details, it turns out that two zones have acquired new design teams, three others have been rethought with the help of additional architects and designers, and one – Rest – is drifting along without a designer at all.

The dome dissenters' main gripe is that, although individual zones may contain flashes of design brilliance and innovation, others will be condemned to mediocrity because of the lack of design time. "Some of the things I've seen are amazing, and some just aren't," one zone designer says bluntly. Also, some on the project believe there is little co-ordination between the various zone designers and little sense of a coherent whole being created under Richard Rogers' gigantic canopy.

But for every critic, there is a consultant or contractor genuinely thrilled to be working on one of the world's most prestigious projects. "You never appreciate what you've done until you have a chance to reflect. It'll take time to realise how significant it all is," says Mark Whitby of Whitby Bird & Partners.

"Working in the building industry is usually a little tried and tested, but here, we're in a high-tech world and we're really enjoying it," says Geoffrey Taylor, marketing director of steelwork fabricator Watsons.

The main concern seems to be what one of the doubters describes as the "incredible fluidity" of the decision-making process. "For quite a long time, there's been a variety of moves and changes," adds another.

One possible explanation for the changes is New Millennium Experience Company's chicken-and-egg problem of needing design work to attract sponsors, only to discover that the sponsor's expectations are not met by the completed design work.

For example, the Work and Learn zones – sponsored by employment agency Manpower and Tesco respectively – were in the hands of designer Park Avenue a year ago. But last summer, responsibility for them switched to design firm Work, designer of the Living Island zone. It was back to the drawing board again, and architect Allford Hall Monaghan and Morris was brought in later. Designer MUF has also been replaced on the Local zone.

Consultants working on the Serious Play zone say it too underwent a rethink last summer, after Sky switched its sponsorship to the external Baby Dome. Land Design's zone – which features sponsor-friendly games of the future – has still to sign up a financial backer. So far, NMEC has raised £120m of its targeted £150m in sponsorship.

The Rest zone is in a worse predicament, with no sponsor and no designer. Late last year, Park Avenue was progressing work on the domed structures of its theme park-style "dreamscape" ride for 16-seater beds. But the firm now says it is no longer working on the zone, and NMEC will only say that the zone's designer is "to be confirmed".

Some of those working inside the dome feel that NMEC content editors and project managers are struggling to get a grip on the project, and are reluctant to make decisions. "There's a degree of moving the goalposts.

A project is usually either flexible or fast-track – to have the two in tandem makes it interesting," comments one designer wryly. He also claims that the zones will hit their deadlines, but only because "it depends which schedule you look at. They're continually being rewritten".

Tight programmes

Other designers express more neutrality.

"It's not always as easy as it might be. You have to get things sorted in the ground while you're changing things above ground," says one of the services engineers advising on the zones. "Generally, all the programmes are tighter than anyone would like from the point of view of an easy life," adds one structural engineer.

Up-and-coming subconsultants that have been drafted in to advise on the various zones are among the dome's strongest supporters. They include Tom Barker of design company DCA-b, who has worked on the Local zone's recycled cardboard tubes. He believes that several other innovative materials will be given a chance to prove themselves. "The legacy of the dome is as much about providing new opportunities in building materials as it is about the millennium and celebration," he says.

"It's a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity," comments Thomas Heatherwick, an artist involved in the design of the National Identity zone.

Throwing money at the problem

As construction progresses, one contractor feels that NMEC's 31 December deadline features far more heavily in negotiations than its £198m fit-out budget, hence its willingness to "chuck" money at the project. "They made it pretty clear that time is paramount," he says.

However, that impression is not universal. One of the steelwork fabricators insists that NMEC has been "very commercial" in its dealings.

Inside the dome, the general atmosphere is described by one contractor as "controlled panic". The foundations for 11 of the 14 zones have been completed under the McAlpine/Laing joint venture. Installation of the steelwork for the central show is also nearing completion. McAlpine/Laing has set a target of completing the installation of the various zones' structural steelwork, and other "dust-making work" by the middle of the year.

Judging by the current state of affairs, the McAlpine/Laing manager in charge of the zones faces a tricky task. Steelwork packages do not appear to have been let for several of the zones, while the rest are at various stages, from starting detailed design to delivering the finished steelwork to site. At least half the zones are scheduled to start installation in April or May – a period that promises heavy congestion inside the dome. One contractor conceded that this was a worry, but said: "We'll just have to ensure that everything's well engineered."

Work on the central show has brought to light an engineering design quirk in the dome. When the team examined the cable net structure beneath the membrane roof, it was discovered that its central point did not align with the central point on the ground.

As any structural engineer will confirm, the miscalculation does not mean that the dome is in danger of collapse. However, as the all-important deadline day approaches, NMEC will be hoping that the mistake does not have any superstitious significance.


Sponsor GEC; British Aerospace Designer Zaha Hadid Engineer Ove Arup & Partners (structural and services) Quantity surveyor Davis Langdon & Everest Steelwork Watsons The steelwork for this technically challenging zone (number six in the diagram) is at the detailed design stage. Installation is due to start in May. The cladding is being sourced directly by Hadid’s office.


Sponsor Discussions continuing Designers Philip Gumuchdjian with Spence Associates and Shigeru Ban Project manager HP:ICM Engineer Buro Happold Materials consultant DCA-b Quantity surveyor Davis Langdon & Everest Steelwork Watsons Recycled cardboard is to be the main material for this zone (12), and Blue Peter viewers are being urged to provide it. It will be formed into one hundred 12 m high tubes braced by a steel ring-beam at the top, and the whole lot will sit on a steelwork platform. Former Richard Rogers Partnership associate Philip Gumuchdjian left the firm to take on the project last summer, with help from Japanese architect/engineer Shigeru Ban and executive architect Stephen Spence.


Sponsor Negotiations well-advanced with religious groups and Tim Sainsbury Designer Eva Jiricna Architects with Jasper Jacob Associates Engineer Techniker (structural); BDSP (services) Quantity surveyor Davis Langdon & Everest Steelwork Watsons Eva Jiricna’s design has evolved into a tented structure (seven). Steelwork installation starts in May. The fabric package is out to tender.

Who’s doing what under the dome

1 Body Zone Sponsor Boots The Chemists Designers HP:ICM with Branson Coates Engineer Buro Happold (structural and services) Quantity surveyor Davis Langdon & Everest Steelwork SH Structures The steelwork contract for the frame supporting the reclining couple is still at the detailed design stage, and fabrication has not commenced. The steelwork is due to be erected on site in late spring/early summer. Other contract packages will include the glass fibre cladding panels. 2 and 3 Work and Learn Sponsors Manpower; Tesco Designers Work with Allford Hall Monaghan and Morris Engineer Buro Happold (structural); Atelier Ten (services) Steelwork Watsons Work replaced Park Avenue as designer of this two-in-one zone last summer. There are exhibits on the ground floor, and an AHMM cinema “box” for a David Puttnam film on the first floor. Two sides of the structure will be made up of three-sided rotating advertising hoardings. Steelwork fabrication has started. 4 Transaction Sponsor Corporation of London; negotiations with support sponsors progressing Designer Carabiner (formerly known as Spectrum) with Bob Baxter at Amalgam Engineer Atelier One (structural); Atelier Ten (services) Project Manager Fraser Randall Steelwork William Hare; Westbury The zone has a complicated steel frame, and walls built up from a huge ribbon of lightweight fabric, on to which words and images can be projected. The steelwork is mid-way through fabrication; the fabric contract has not been let. 5 Rest Sponsor Discussions progressing Designer To be confirmed Engineer Buro Happold (structural and services) A zone that appeared to be advancing well now seems to have gone back to the drawing-board. Park Avenue’s scheme had centred on a theme park-style ride through a “dreamscape”, an idea that probably fell victim to logistics. 8 Communicate Sponsor BT Designer Imagination Engineer Buro Happold (structural and services) Quantity surveyor Boyden Steelwork William Hare Imagination’s concept is two buildings having a “conversation”, thanks to sophisticated cladding panels that allow phrases to be flashed up on their outer skin. Inside, there will be exhibits on the role of communication in our lives. The steelwork fabrication is at a fairly advanced stage and some has already arrived on site. The cladding package is out to tender. 9 National Identity Sponsor Marks & Spencer Designer Carabiner with Lorenzo Apicella at Pentagram, and Thomas Heatherwick Studio Engineer Buro Happold (structural and services) Steelwork William Hare; Westbury; Sadlers Lorenzo Apicella’s glass dome will house structures by Thomas Heatherwick Studio and Carabiner that contain exhibits on the theme of Britishness. These include a photographic Bayeux tapestry and an installation by David Mack. Steelwork is due to start around Easter. 10 Global Sponsor BA; BAA Designer Park Avenue and Fletcher Priest Engineer Buro Happold (structural and services) Quantity surveyor Boyden Park Avenue has been assigned to this zone. Previously, it was in the hands of HP:ICM. A film about the world’s different cultures is at the heart of this zone; plans for a theme-park style ride appear to have been scaled down. 11 Living Island Sponsor Discussions progressing Designer Work Engineer Price and Myers (structural); Atelier Ten (services) Work has designed a miniature indoor seaside – complete with beach, waves and pier – to illustrate concerns about the environment. Architect Softroom was advising on the project, but is no longer involved. 13 Mobility Sponsor Discussions “well advanced” Designer Imagination Engineer Buro Happold (structural and services) Quantity surveyor Boyden Although NMEC will not confirm that Ford is the zone’s would-be sponsor, Imagination seems fairly clear that Ford is its client. 14 Play Sponsor Discussions progressing Designer Land Design Engineer Whitby Bird & Partners (structural); Atelier Ten (services) Quantity surveyor Boyden Steelwork and cladding Space Decks This zone was redesigned last year when Sky’s sponsorship was transferred to the Baby Dome and services engineer Furness Green was dropped. The steel contract is to supply the columns, roof, floors and cladding. Additional cladding will be in glass fibre. Steelwork installation is due to start around June. 15 Outside the dome Assembly of the modular Sky-sponsored Baby Dome has started on site under project manager Edward Shirley Staging. It will include two 2500-seat cinemas, one of which can be converted to a 3300-seat performance venue. The piazza area will also include ticketing and retail areas, and design work is progressing on a Richard Rogers Partnership-designed café, bar and exhibition pavilion with interiors by Bentheim. A competition is under way to design a “statement” sculpture for a roundabout on the approach to the site.