Wales’ biggest ever health infrastructure project, the £350m Grange University Hospital, was planned from the start for rapid delivery, using offsite methods and a collaborative approach – but then covid-19 struck and the client needed beds available even faster. How did the project team do it?

The Grange University Hospital ©Gleeds 8

Source: Gleeds

Back in March when the coronavirus pandemic was just beginning to grip the UK, concerns around hospital capacity were emerging across the nation. In south-east Wales the need was immediate: for the Aneurin Bevan University Health Board, whose area then accounted for more than half of Wales’ confirmed covid-19 cases, it was imperative to increase the number of available beds. The region was already home to Wales’ biggest ever health infrastructure project, the £350m Grange University Hospital near Cwmbran, but that was not due to open for another 12 months.

As March drew to a close the hospital project team, led by architect BDP, project and cost manager Gleeds and main contractor Laing O’Rourke, were approached by the health board to see if anything could be done to accelerate completion of the facility, which was being delivered using offsite and design for manufacture and assembly (DfMA).

They agreed to fast-track the build programme so that 350 new beds could be made available as soon as possible to coronavirus patients if required. On 27 April, just four weeks later, the health board took possession of 50% of the space within the hospital. This included most of the ward blocks and the ground floor of the diagnostic and treatment departments, as well as the pathology department, the pharmacy, FM services areas and the mortuary, as well as car parking zones and plant areas. NHS staff now have the ability to mobilise within three weeks to take patients at the new hospital if there is a second spike in covid infections.

In a webinar held as part of Building’s Proud to Help campaign, Laing O’Rourke business unit leader Mike Lewis, Gleeds project director Victoria Head, BDP architect director Adrian Hitchcock and Nicola Prygodzicz, executive director of planning, digital and IT at the Aneurin Bevan University Health Board, shared how the use of offsite manufacturing on the project saved time, reduced the number of site workers and created a collaborative environment for solving problems.

Collaboration from the start

Prygodzicz said that when the Grange University Hospital was first conceived the trust was looking for an acute healthcare facility to provide the specialist care unavailable at local hospitals in the Gwent region. “It took a year to get approval after the final business case was submitted. It couldn’t come quick enough for our clinical teams,” said Prygodzicz, adding that a number of local hospitals were decommissioned during the time it took to deliver the project.

If we hadn’t had the foresight to use modern methods of construction we would not have been able to respond and help the health board

Victoria Head, Gleeds

Laing O’Rourke’s Lewis described the client’s brief simply: “We need this as quick as we can physically get it.” The next step was setting up the project team, which along with Laing O’Rourke, Gleeds and BDP included WSP and Aecom as engineering consultants and Arup as NEC supervisor. Having the design and construction teams both involved from a very early stage was essential as it enabled everyone to understand each other’s perspective, said Gleeds’ Head.

The Grange University Hospital ©Gleeds 13

Source: Gleeds

According to Lewis, it was the use of the NEC suite of contracts that allowed this early collaboration and thereby facilitated the use of design for manufacture and assembly (DfMA). As Head said, this approach was integral to the project’s rapid delivery. “We went into contract on a 137-week programme and we had to put in a lot of work to get partners there to say they were happy with that route,” she said.

A traditional build would have taken 197 weeks rather than the 137 weeks of the DfMA route, she said – a programme saving of 23%. “Any client is going to find that very compelling.”

The design of the building was also approached with an eye to speed, as BDP’s Hitchcock explained. “The building is really about three quite distinct functional zones. The inpatient care zone is constructed as a ward block, and beds have been placed over beds [in the same positions on different floors] to simplify the engineering. The diagnostic and treatment zone is a very regular, simple block based on an 8:1 structural grid.

“It was about trying to simplify the component parts of the building, so we developed a repetitive, simple structural grid form with adaptable ventilation and engineering services.”

In excess of 50% of the project was delivered through Laing O’Rourke’s various business arms, including structures and geotechnical specialist Expanded as well as Explore Manufacturing, which is central to Laing O’Rourke’s DfMA approach. “When we do the next one we will be assembling even more, which will give us even greater pace and greater certainty,” said Lewis.

MMC at Grange University Hospital

Offsite manufactured components used in the scheme include:

  • 774 reconstituted stone, insulation and load-bearing inner-skin sandwich panels incorporating pre-installed windows
  • 821 precast concrete columns
  • 1,200 precast concrete shear walls
  • 1,443 lattice planks
  • 2,869 hollow-core pre-stressed planks used with 585 Peikko Delta beams
  • 6 staircases precast throughout the five storeys of the building
  • 243 bathroom pods manufactured from 3D models
  • 661 horizontal corridor services modules
  • 73 vertical services riser modules incorporating floors at each level
  • 40 skid-mounted plant units
  • 69 air-handling units, complete and pre-commissioned

Speeding up the programme

“It was a Sunday afternoon when we received a text from Nicola [Prygodzicz] asking: can we talk tomorrow?” said Head. Once Prygodzicz had put the trust’s request for the accelerated programme to the team, they responded by reprioritising site activities and with a new commissioning strategy designed to allow for zonal access and reallocation of resources. The health board team were able to work alongside the project team on a live site, fitting out the wards with beds and equipment. This collaborative approach condensed the commissioning and soft landings periods from 12 weeks to four weeks.

The Grange University Hospital ©Gleeds 17

Source: Gleeds

Head said: “The health board were reviewing the trajectories of how covid could hit Gwent, and we developed two plans to allow capacity in the system if required in the pandemic.” Prygodzicz said that knowing how well progressed the hospital was it seemed a “no‑brainer” to ask the team if it was possible to make the 350 beds that might be needed to handle the pandemic available sooner, and that getting the revised plan approved in less than a week was a “record-breaker for the public sector”.

Extensive resource planning was required, balancing the need to deliver a fast-track programme against ensuring the safety of the workforce, all of whom worked in line with government guidelines. “It was an absolute priority to make sure this could be delivered safely,” said Lewis.

All those who could work from home did so. On site, stringent hygiene measures were put in place along with patterns and methods of work that allowed for social distancing. Extended hours with split shifts were introduced, with the project team continuing work at weekends as well as over the Easter period to fulfil their commitment to the health board to deliver the hospital early.

There are lessons about how long some things take us to make decisions about in the public sector. Covid is making us reflect on the fact there are ways you can speed these up

Nicola Prygodzicz, Aneurin Bevan University Health Board

Of the costs of this acceleration, Head said: “One of the things that are so very positive is that it’s a long-term plan – there hasn’t been an investment in something that will take be taken down. We have brought expenditure forward but not in an overinflated way.”

According to Laing O’Rourke’s Lewis, the use of NEC contracts has also kept costs down because they are real-cost contracts that must be agreed before expenditure can be made. “It’s not like these field hospitals which are built at a premium and they’ve had to invest in it at pace,” he said.

Lessons learned

The hospital is now on standby to operate as a fully functioning facility to support health services in south-east Wales in fighting the pandemic as and when infection data suggests it is necessary. Meanwhile, using careful segregation endorsed by infection control, building control and fire officers, work will continue on the remainder of the build with a view to formally completing the scheme this autumn – six months earlier than planned.

“Sitting here saying that fills me with a little bit of dread, but also a lot of passion,” said Head. “If we hadn’t had the foresight to use modern methods of construction we would not have been able to respond and help the health board.”


In terms of what can be learned from the project team’s experience, BDP’s Hitchcock sees ramifications for hospital design. The Grange University Hospital’s arrangement of wards into groups of eight with a way in and way out to allow for one-way transit is something that could be carried forward onto other projects to help deal with potential future pandemics.

For Lewis, another takeaway is the need for shared platforms if the supply chain is to capitalise on the efficiency benefits of using DfMA: “Because all our platforms were the same platforms, we were able to use the digital model as it was always intended. This has to be the way forward.” Hitchcock agreed, saying BDP’s ability to work directly with Expanded helped minimise error, highlighting the value of being able to freely share data.

So, can the public sector maintain the rapidity of decision-making seen on this project to help respond to the evolving covid-19 pandemic? Prygodzicz believes there are lessons to be learned here too. “While you can’t do everyday business with the level of [programme and cost] risk that we took, there are lessons about how long some things take us to make decisions about in the public sector,” she said. “Covid is making us reflect on the fact there are ways you can speed some of these things up. There are a lot of lessons that can be learned around decision-making and governance for the public sector.”

What the Grange University Hospital project shows perhaps most strikingly is the need to be more strategic around healthcare design and move away from highly bespoke products in hospital construction. If it can be done during a pandemic, then surely it can and should be done in the aftermath.


Costs and programme

£350m out-turn cost

£226m construction cost

£72m M&E costs

137-week programme


55,000m² space

470 inpatient rooms

11 operating theatres

MRI scanner

Project team

Client Aneurin Bevan University Health Board

Architect BDP

Contractor Laing O’Rourke

Project and cost manager Gleeds

Engineering team Aecom and WSP

NEC supervisor Arup


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