Embracing uncertainty and new ways of approaching programme management best practice will be crucial for the realisation of future major schemes around the world, says Russell Pilgrim, programme director at Jacobs
Having overseen some of Jacobs’ key contributions to the Crossrail project over the past three years, I cannot help but feel proud of everything that people have achieved on this landmark scheme. And with the news that the line is finally about to open this month, that sense of pride is only increased.
One thing is for sure, what is to be known as the Elizabeth line will revolutionise travel and benefit millions of people. It will attract both economic and social investment, reduce journey times, create additional transport capacity, improve accessibility and provide a huge economic boost to the capital and beyond. And with new stations and travel links, it will support new housing and jobs across London, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Essex.
The Elizabeth line, delivered by Crossrail Ltd for Transport for London, stretches more than 100km, connecting London from east to west and integrating with Heathrow airport, the Great Western and Great Eastern national railways. Thanks to innovative programme and technical management solutions, we are finally ready to open in time for the Queen’s platinum jubilee celebrations.
No mega or major project of this length of time, scale and complexity is completed without significant challenges and solutions. This mega, safety-critical project has had stratospheric complexities which generated several challenges and solutions along the way.
There is keen global interest to share these lessons and solutions to help inform future major programmes across the world. So this is my advice:
Become the ultimate collaborator and disruptor
Several organisations have been responsible for bringing the Elizabeth line into passenger service. Some of its recent success has been driven by transformational leadership, demonstrating humility which has created an environment of “owning the whole” and “shared values”.
At all career levels people require diverse thinking, shared goals and values, effective communication, trust, agility and resilience to be successful. There is now a significant opportunity for major programmes to look beyond sector experience and instead focus on skills and competencies learnt that could be transferable into other programme types.
Embrace the digital world
It has been well documented that all involved in Crossrail did not fully appreciate the immense complexities in delivering the UK’s first-in-kind, fully digitised railway. Everything is digitised on the Elizabeth line, with centralised management systems, sub-systems, and around 500,000 digital and physical assets all integrated.
On Crossrail we found Programme Plateau teams, used a lot in aerospace to co-locate teams in a fully integrated end-to-end way, have provided successful outcomes in areas such as programme and systems integration. In addition, with the operator placed at the front, our strategy and execution changed to place integration central to everything.
Create a minimum viable product
In going back in time to the design conceptualisation stage, Crossrail would have benefited from locking a minimal viable product (MVP) into its configurational requirements. This is bare minimum scope to provide a safe, reliable, operational and maintainable railway – with high customer experience.
Over the past three years, the programme successfully locked down the minimal viable staging, migration strategy, convergence and configuration. Introducing an MVP is now considered a key mitigation to risks, allowing the minimal version of service that would meet programme and user requirements.
Modularise as much as you can
Design for Modular Assembly (DfMA) and Modern Methods of Construction (MMC) offer significant improvements to productivity, cost certainty and sustainability benefits. In the past, including on Crossrail, the rail industry has suffered from a lack of modularisation, otherwise known as “plug and play”.
Pushing the boundaries of what is already achievable in assembling and testing in a factory could make a significant difference in optimising productivity around the world. The industry faces a significant challenge in balancing projects’ need to be unique, the requirement of industry to work together in scaling continuity, and a sustainable approach to the pipeline of work.
Centralise programme and systems integration
The concept of having three onboard train signalling systems is very ambitious. However, that is the case on Crossrail, leading some to consider it the world’s most complex railway. It is the UK’s first-in-kind fully digitised system.
Such programmes need the skills of end-to-end (whole lifecycle) decision-making programme management, technologists, digital and railway experts. This, combined with the introduction of an MVP and modularisation brings great benefits, such as simplifying designs which could save significant time in construction.
The evolution of these infrastructure projects sees the UK constantly improve its infrastructure through future-smart places. Now is the time to show how we can solve the greatest challenges by transforming uncertainty into interventional and intelligent solutions.
In turn, these connect people and places with the means to work smarter, live better and make a positive difference in the world. It is very exciting to see the Elizabeth line open in the Queen’s platinum jubilee year and to create a transport system that will be used by many generations to come.